Canadians now exchange traveller information with the United States

The government introduced legislation to implement the final phases of the data-collection system, to help catch social-benefit cheats, better track suspected terrorists, and identify people who remain in Canada past visa-expiration dates. Under the 2011 Perimeter Security pact, Canada and the United States agreed to set up coordinated systems to track the entry and exit information of travellers.

For the moment, the system involves exchanging entry information collected from people at the land border — so that data on entry to one country serves as a record of exit from the other. The first two phases of the program have been limited to foreign nationals and permanent residents of Canada and the U.S., but not citizens of either country.

Under the new legislation, the initiative would be expanded to include information-sharing on all travellers crossing the land border. The data includes the traveller’s name, nationality, date of birth and gender as well as the country that issued their travel document.